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Levy County Emergency Management, located in the Emergency Operations Center in Bronson, Fl, is the "Direction and Control Center" for Levy County in times of disaster.
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EXTREME HEAT / COLD

 

Extreme Heat

 

As residents of Florida, sunshine is one of our greatest natural assets, it can also be one of our biggest liabilities. The combination of heat and humidity can be a health risk even to those used to warm weather.

Hot
According to the National Weather Service, "Heat kills by taxing the human body beyond its abilities. In a normal year, about 175 Americans succumb to the demands of summer heat. Among the large continental family of natural hazards, only the cold of winter - not lightning, hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, or earthquakes - takes a greater toll. In the 40-year period from 1936 through 1975, nearly 20,000 people were killed in the United States by the effects of heat and solar radiation. In the disastrous heat wave of 1980, more that 1,250 people died."
 
Even when extremely hot weather does not cause death, it can result in other ailments such as heatstroke, heat exhaustion, heat cramps, sunburn, and heat rash (with heatstroke and heat exhaustion being the two most serious ones). Here, some tips for avoiding heat-related problems in Levy County and elsewhere.
 

Hot Weather Safety Tips

  • Do not leave children or pets in an unattended vehicle, even for a few minutes.

  • Drink plenty of non-alcoholic fluids and eat low-calorie foods.

  • Stay out of the sun, and in an air-conditioned place, especially during the heat of the day.

  • Slow down. Restrict strenuous activities to the cooler time of day.

  • Dress in loose, lightweight, light-colored clothes.

  • Use sunscreen to avoid sun burn. Consider wearing a hat.

  • During prolonged heat episodes, check on elderly family, friends and neighbors.
 
Heat Disorder Symptoms
 
Heat Disorder Symptoms First Aid
Sunburn Redness and pain. In severe cases, swelling of skin, blisters, fever, headaches. Ointment for mild cases if blisters appear. If breaking occurs, apply dry sterile dressing. Serious, extensive cases should be seen by a physician.
Heat Cramps Painful spasms usually in muscles of legs and abdomen possible. Heavy sweating. Firm pressure on cramping muscles, or gentle massage to relieve spasm. Give sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue use.
Heat Exhaustion Heavy sweating, weakness, skin cold, pale and clammy. Pulse thready. Normal temperature possible. Fainting and vomiting. Get victim out of sun. Lay down and loosen clothing, Apply cool wet cloths. Fan or move victim to air conditioned room. Sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue use. If vomiting continues, seek immediate medical attention.
Heat Stroke High body temperature (106° F, or higher). Hot dry skin. Rapid and strong pulse. Possible unconsciousness. Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency. Summon medical assistance or get the victim to a hospital immediately. Delay can be fatal...Move the victim to a cooler environment. Reduce body temperature with cold bath or sponging. Use extreme caution. Remove clothing, use fans and air conditioners. If temperature rises again, repeat process. Do not give fluids.
 
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